MEDICAL CONDITIONS, BEHAVIOR QUESTION, CHILD DEVELOPMENT, PARENTING PROBLEM, ABOUT EDUCATION EMAIL TO PEDIATRICIAN ONLINE
EMAIL ONLINE PEDIATRICIAN ABOUT NEWBORN HEALTH, INFANT ILLNESS, KID BEHAVIOR, CHILD DEVELOPMENT, PARENTING ADVICE
https://bioveliss-tabs.com/de/
NEONATAL POLIO

In developing country with high prevalence of polio, one dose of oral polio vaccine isadministered at the time of birth.

BCG
BCG vaccine is used against tuberculosis. It is not required for developed countries. It's efficacy for preventing primary tuberculosis in developing countries is very low as shown by various studies. It has shown significant efficacy for preventing secondary turberculosis like one affection brain and its coverings. It has been used as nonspecific immunomodulator at developing countries. It is also used for diagnosis of tuberculosis in pediatric patients.
DPT AND ACELLULAR DPT

Most useful combination of three important vaccines to fight against diphtheria, whooping cough and tetanus. This is most cost effective combination vaccine. In developing countries, whole cell pertussis vaccine is used due to its low cost but it can cause high fever, screaming episodes, indurations and rarely seizures. In developed countries, acellular pertusis vaccine is used which is costly but have no significant side effects. Nowadays, this vaccine is used as part of various combination vaccines. It is administered as intramuscular injection. Schedule advocated are three doses of primary vaccination at four to eight weeks interval starting from six to ten weeks of age. Two booster doses are given. One at between 18 months to 24 months. Second at around 5 years of age as DT or DPT.

ORAL AND INJECTIBLE POLIO

Oral polio is used in countries with high prevalence rate of the disease as intramuscular injection of polio vaccine has potential danger of precipitating clinical polio in few children who are haboring viruses without overt disease. Inject able polio vaccine is used in developed countries with low prevalence and is considered to be more effective as gastrointestinal flora and concurrent viral infection in GI tract does not interfere with the development of immunity as is the case with oral polio vaccine. Simply for these reasons, pulse polio vaccination campaign is designed for developing countries on yearly basis to eradicate poliomyelitis from world as it is one of the most disabiling disease with great personal, social and national loss associated with long term sequel with this disease.

HIB
This vaccine is used to fight against the bacteria known as hemophilus influenza. This is not to be confused with flu vaccine which is used against influenza virus which is responsible for causing cold and respiratory problem. H. influenza bacteria are responsible causing significant cases of meningitis in infants and pneumonia in children. Its schedule is same as DPT vaccine except that second booster dose is not required. It is commonly administered as combination vaccine along with DPT and hepatitis-B vaccine.
HEPATITIS B

This vaccine is used to prevent horizontal as well as vertical transmission of hepatitis-B virus. In developing countries with poor hygienic and sanitary conditions, Hepatitis-A is much more common or can be said almost universal but comparatively mild disease and Hepatitis-B being more virulent disease with adverse long term consequences, vaccination against Hepatitis-B is very well accepted. Low cost of the vaccine also encouraged parents to go for this vaccination. Most commonly applied schedule is three doses, at birth, at one month and at six month of age. Booster does is recommended after 10 years of last dose.

MEASLES

It is a viral disease with significant morbidity and associated with it. It is recommended ate the age of 9 months. Second dose is advocated by many as part of MMR vaccine.

HEPATITIS A

It's a vaccine against Hepatitis A virus which leads to jaundice. It is recommended at the age of one year and can be administered to anyone who has not suffered from the disease. My point of worry about this vaccine is that it does not confer lifelong immunity. Data available with various manufacturing companies suggest clinical effectiveness for around 20 to 25 years. Pertinent to note here is that company should positively and proactively convey this information to doctors and doctor should advice revaccination after around 20 years or else administering the vaccine at one year of age is tantamount to just delaying the disease from childhood to adulthood. As the new date arrives, recommendation for revaccination can be modified.

 
CHICKENPOX
It is a vaccine against chickenpox disease in childhood which is comparatively mild misease. Main intention to vaccinate against varicella infection is to prevent Herpes Zoster in adulthood which is troublesome disease. Herpez Zoster of eyes can lead to blindnes. One dose is required one year of age and two doses are required at the interval of one month if vaccinated to a child more than twelve yearsof age
 
MMR
This vaccine protects against measles, mumps and rubella. One dose is required between 15 to 18 months of age. New sprain vaccine has come out claiming better immunity and long lasting protection.
 
RUBEELA VACCINE
It is advisable to administer any girl or female before they plan for pregnancy. Infection with this virus during pregnancy may lead to various abnormalities in expected child.
 
ROTAVIRUS VACCINE
This vaccine fights against Rota virus infection which is very common virus causing acute gastroenteritis in infancy and childhood. Schedule is threee doses at the interval of 8 weeks and first dose should be started between 6 to 12 weeks of life.
 
TT
Tetanus toxoid is very routinely used after any inury without considering the primary and secondary vaccination already being administered. Irrational too many doses of this vaccine is harmful and may be responsible for the disease named amyloidosis.
 
INFLUENZA VACCINE

Known as flue shot. It is advocated as early shot from 6 months to 59 months. Indication for certain high risk children and adults are different.

 
MENINGOCOCCAL VACCINE
This vaccine is advocated for certain high risk groups after 2 years of age. In third world countries, it is used to control epidemic of meningococcal meningitis e.g. in Uganda.
 
PNEUMOCOCCAL VACCINE
This vaccine is advocated as three doses at 8 weeks interval starting from 8 weeks of life, minimum age to administer first dose is six weeks. Type of vaccine used is pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. (PCV)
 
TYPHOID VACCINE
Typhoid vaccine is recommended in developing countries. First dose is given at the age of 2 years and it needs to be repeated every 2 to 3 years till you want protection.
 
YELLOW FEVER
Yellow fever is a serious disease caused by the yellowfever virus. It is spread through the bite of an infectedmosquito and cannot be spread directly from person toperson. It is found in certain parts of Africa and SouthAmerica. After receiving the vaccine, you should receive an InternationalCertificate of Vaccination (yellow card) that has been validated by the vaccination center. This Certificate becomes valid 10 days after vaccination and lasts for 10 years.
 
JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS VACCINE

Mosquitoes become infected by feeding on domestic pigs and wild birds infected with the Japanese encephalitis virus. Infected mosquitoes then transmit the Japanese encephalitis virus to humans and animals during the feeding process. The Japanese encephalitis virus is amplified in the blood systems of domestic pigs and wild birds.
Japanese encephalitis vaccine is recommended for persons who plan to reside in areas where Japanese incephalitis is endemic or epidemic (residence during a transmission season). Risk for acquiring Japanese encephalitis is highly variable within the endemic regions.

 
CHOLERA

This vaccine is used to control an epidemic of cholera. It is also used as preemptive action during natural calamity like severe floods.

 
RABIES VACCINE
Strange enough, this is the only vaccine administered after likelihood of contacting the rabies is there is after dog bite that may have rabies. Five doses are administered as 0, 3, 7, 14 and 28 days after dog bite. Sixth dose is optional at 90 days after dog bite.
 
HPV VACCINE (CERVICAL CANCER)
BIRD FLUE VACCINE
VACCINE AGAINST HYPERTENSION
STREPTOCOCCAL VACCINE
MALARIA VACCINE
HIV VACCINE
VACCINE AGAINST SHINGLES
HSV2 VACCINE
MALIGNANT MELANOMA VACCINE
VACCINE AGAINST RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS
VACCINE AGAINST PROSTATE CANCER
VACCINE AGAINST CYTOMEGALOVIRUS
ANTHRAX VACCINE
SMALLPOX VACCINE

TULAREMIA VACCINE

Auresoil - official




ONLINE QUESTION ABOUT NEWBORN, INFANT, KID, HEALTH, ILLNESS, PARENTING, CHILD DEVELOPMENT, EDUCATION, EMAIL ADVICE